Become a Happier, Healthier You Thanks to Options Provided by Medical Experts at Sunrise Hospital
Losing excess weight can increase a patient’s chances at a longer, healthier life, improve mobility and give an individual more energy to carry out activities of daily living. With such advancements in the field of bariatric surgery, patients can enjoy a better quality of life and eliminate many health conditions associated with obesity.
The first, important step in making a decision about weight loss surgery is to understand the options available, along with the potential benefits and risks.
Surgery is appropriate for selected patients with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 40 or greater, or a BMI of 35 – 40 for patients with obesity-related medical conditions. Candidates for weight loss surgery should have evidence of previous, unsuccessful attempts at non-surgical treatment for obesity. They should also demonstrate a commitment to follow-up care, including a clear understanding of the dietary, exercise and medical guidelines required following surgery and throughout the rest of their lives.
Types of Surgical Weight Loss
The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS) divides weight loss procedures into three basic categories:
- Restrictive procedures make the stomach smaller to limit the amount of food intake and to produce a sense of fullness after small meals.
- Malabsorptive procedures alter the digestive system to reduce the size of the stomach and bypass part of the intestine so food passes more quickly and the body absorbs fewer calories.
- Combined procedures take advantage of both restrictive and malabsorptive principles.
Sunrise Hospital offers three basic types of weight loss surgery: Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy, the Adjustable Gastric Band Procedure, and Roux-en-y Gastric Bypass Procedure.
Benefits and Risks
Successful surgical weight loss can improve the quality of a patient’s life. It can lead to long-term weight control and reduce the health-related risks of morbid obesity, including diabetes, heart disease, arthritis, sleep apnea, and many other medical conditions. Many patients feel more energetic after surgery and their initial weight loss, which enables a more active lifestyle. Many patients also report an improved self-image and greater confidence after successfully achieving their desired weight loss.
All types of weight loss surgery are considered major operative procedures, and all surgeries carry the risk of complications. The risk for surgery in the obese patient is significantly greater than for the general population. Some of the risks associated with weight loss surgery include, pulmonary complications due to the stress of excess weight on the chest and lung cavities, blood clots, leaks or perforations of the stomach, and infections. In rare cases, the risks and complications can be fatal.