(Delayed Gastric Emptying)
|The Stomach and Intestines|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Surgery that involves the stomach or vagus nerve
- Taking certain medications, such as anticholinergics or narcotics
- Infection from a virus
- Diseases affecting the nerves, muscles, or hormones
- Diseases affecting metabolism (body’s ability to make and use energy)
- Chronic disease
- Anorexia or bulimia
- Radiation or chemotherapy
- Tobacco use
- Alcohol use
- Feeling full early during a meal
- No appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain in your abdomen or esophagus (the muscular tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach)
- Weight loss
- High-fiber foods, like raw vegetables and fruits
- Fatty foods
- Carbonated drinks
- Blood tests
Tests to measure:
- Stomach volume before and after a meal
- The rate at which the stomach empties
- The ability of the muscles in the stomach and small intestine to contract and relax
- Imaging tests can assess the stomach and surrounding structures:
- Upper endoscopy—a thin, lighted tube inserted down the throat to examine the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine
- SmartPill—a pill-sized device that is swallowed to capture information on the digestive system
- Eating small meals several times throughout the day
- Following a liquid diet
- Limiting high-fat and high-fiber foods
- Control diabetes—Since diabetes is a common risk factor for gastroparesis, it is important that you follow treatment plans from your doctor if you have diabetes.
- Avoid medications that delay gastric emptying—Some medications may keep your stomach from emptying properly. These include narcotic pain medications, calcium channel blockers, and some antidepressants. Keep a list of all the medications you are taking and share this list with your doctor. Make sure you talk to your doctor before stopping any medications.
Gastro—American Gastroenterological Association http://www.gastro.org
The American College of Gastroenterology http://patients.gi.org
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology http://cag-acg.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Gastroparesis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 29, 2010. Accessed April 4, 2011.
Gastroparesis. The American College of Gastroenterology website. Available at: http://patients.gi.org/topics/gastroparesis. Accessed April 4, 2011.
Gastroparesis. The National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/gastroparesis/Pages/facts.aspx. Updated July 2007. Accessed April 4, 2011.
Shakil A, Church RJ, et al. Gastrointestinal complications of diabetes. Am Fam Physician. 2008;77(12):1697-1702.
Soykan I, Sivri B, et al. Demography, clinical characteristics, psychological and abuse profiles, treatment, and long-term follow-up of patients with gastroparesis. Dig Dis Sci. 1998;43(11):2398-2404.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 02/2015 -
- Update Date: 06/03/2013 -