Health Information

Condition Detail

Fracture Reduction—Closed

(Setting a Fracture)

Definition

A closed fracture reduction is resetting a broken bone without cutting into the skin.
Broken Bones in the Arm
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Reasons for Procedure

A closed reduction is done to realign pieces of a broken bone. It is done to:
  • Allow the bond to heal properly and more quickly
  • Decrease pain and prevent later deformity
  • Regain use of the bone and limb

Possible Complications

Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have a fracture reduction, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
  • Nerve damage
  • Fat particles or blood clots dislodging and traveling to the lungs
  • Need for surgery if the bone does not heal properly
  • Reaction to anesthesia
The closed reduction may not be successful. Surgery may be needed to properly align the bones.
Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as:
  • Smoking
  • Drinking
  • Chronic disease such as diabetes or obesity
  • The use of certain medications

What to Expect

Prior to Procedure

Your doctor may do the following:
  • Physical exam
  • X-ray—to look for the broken bone
  • Provide a splint for the broken bone to decrease the risk of additional injury until the fracture can be reduced
Leading up to the procedure:
  • You may be given antibiotics if you have an open fracture.
  • If you at home arrange for a ride to and from the procedure. Also, arrange for help at home.
  • Eat a light meal the night before. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.

Anesthesia

Your doctor will usually give you local anesthesia to numb the area. You may also be given a sedative.
In some cases, general anesthesia will be used. You will be asleep during the procedure if this is the case.

Description of the Procedure

The bone fragments will be moved into their normal position. Traction will be applied and a cast or splint will be used to hold the bones in place. No incisions are needed.

Immediately After Procedure

Another x-ray will be ordered to make sure the bone is in the correct position.

How Long Will It Take?

This depends on the type and location of the fracture.

How Much Will It Hurt?

You will have some pain after the procedure. Ask your doctor about medication to help with the pain.

Average Hospital Stay

You will usually be able to go home after the procedure.

Post-procedure Care

During your stay, the hospital staff will take steps to reduce your chance of infection such as:
  • Washing their hands
  • Wearing gloves or masks
  • Keeping your incisions covered
There are also steps you can take to reduce your chances of infection such as:
  • Washing your hands often and reminding visitors and healthcare providers to do the same
  • Reminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masks
  • Not allowing others to touch your incisions
At Home
When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
  • Rest your injured arm or leg on pillows. Elevate it above the level of your heart.
  • Gently move uninjured joints and toes.
  • Keep the cast, splint, and dressing clean and dry.
  • Wait until a walking cast is dry before walking on it.
  • Do not pull out the cast's padding. Do not break off any part of the cast.
  • Keep objects, dirt, and powder out of the cast.
  • Do not try to scratch under the cast.
  • Do not drive until you are told it is okay.
  • Ask your doctor about when it is safe to shower, bathe, or soak in water.
  • Be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions.
Small bones usually heal in 3-6 weeks. Long bones will take more time. Your doctor may have you work with a physical therapist. A physical therapist can help you to regain normal function. In some cases, you may be able to return to daily activities within a few days while wearing the cast or splint.

Call Your Doctor

After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
  • Severe or unusual pain that is not relieved by pain medication
  • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
  • Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
  • Numbness and/or tingling in the injured extremity
  • Loss of movement in the fingers or toes of the injured arm or leg
  • The cast feels too tight
  • Burning or stinging sensations under the cast
  • Redness of the skin around the cast
  • Persistent itching under the cast
  • Cracks or soft spots develop in the cast
  • Chalky white, blue, or black discoloration of fingers, toes, arm, or leg
In case of an emergency, call for medical help right away.

RESOURCES

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://www.aaos.org

American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine http://www.sportsmed.org

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org

Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org

References

Broken bones. Nemours' KidsHealth.org website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/general/aches/b%5Fbone.html. Updated October 2012. Accessed August 26, 2013.

Setting broken bones. Cedars-Sinai website. Available at: http://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Patients/Programs-and-Services/Orthopaedic-Center/Treatment/Setting-Broken-Bones.aspx. Accessed August 26, 2013.

10/30/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Gosselin RA, Roberts I, Gillespie WJ. Antibiotics for preventing infection in open limb fractures. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(4):CD003764.

Revision Information