Mild Cognitive Impairment
Mild Cognitive Impairment
- Making decisions
- Problems with confusion, language, and attention
|Areas of the Brain|
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- Age: 65 and older
- Family history of MCI-AT, dementia, or Alzheimer's
- Medical conditions, such as high blood pressure , heart disease, diabetes , stroke , head injury, depression , anxiety , infections
- Being overmedicated
- Substance abuse
- Lack of physical activity
- Lack of social contact
- Low educational level
- Excessive response to stress
- Poor nutrition and lack of vitamins
- Exposure to toxins
- Remember much less of what you have just read or seen than people who have only the normal memory changes of aging
- Take longer to recall information
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:
- Blood tests
- Lumbar puncture —also called a spinal tap
- You may need to have pictures taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with an MRI scan .
- Tests of your cognitive skills may be done, including memory.
- Preventing, or at least slowing down, further loss of memory and other cognitive abilities
- Preventing dementia and Alzheimer's disease
- Managing medical conditions that may lead to MCI-AT, especially high blood pressure
- Getting treatment for depression and hypothyroidism
- Staying mentally active by doing things like memory exercises, crossword puzzles, reading, and taking classes
- Getting regular exercise
- Participating in social activities
- Reducing stress
- Getting help for emotional problems
- Eating a healthy diet
American Psychiatric Association http://www.psych.org
National Institute on Aging http://www.nia.nih.gov
The Alzheimer Society of Canada http://www.alzheimer.ca
Seniors Canada http://www.seniors.gc.ca
Birks J, Flicker L. Donepezil for mild cognitive impairment. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2006;3:CD006104.
DeKosky ST, Williamson JD, Fitzpatrick AL, et al. Ginko biloba for prevention of dementia: a randomized controlled trila. JAMA . 2008;300:2306-2308.
Feldman HH, Jacova C. Mild cognitive impairment. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry . 2005;13:645-655.
Gauthier S, Reisberg B, Zaudig M, et al. Mild cognitive impairment. Lancet . 2006;367:1262-1270.
Institute for the Study of Aging and International Longevity Center–USA (March 2001). Achieving and Maintaining Cognitive Vitality With Aging: A Workshop Report . New York, NY.
Mild cognitive impairment. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ . Updated January 28, 2013. Accessed February 19, 2013.
National Institute on Aging. 2011-2012 Alzheimer's Disease Progress Report . Available at: http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers/publication/2011-2012-alzheimers-disease-progress-report . Accessed February 19, 2013.
Petersen RC. Mild cognitive impairment: current research and clinical implications. Semin Neurol . 2007;27.
Petersen RC, Roberts RO, Knopmann DS, et al. Mild cognitive impairment: ten years later. Arch Neurol . 2009;66(12):1447-1455.
Petersen RC, Smith GE, Waring SC, Ivnik RJ, Tangalos EG, Kokmen E. Mild cognitive impairment: clinical characterization and outcome. Archives of Neurology . 1999;56:303-308.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 03/2013 -
- Update Date: 00/31/2013 -