Acute Cerebellar Ataxia
Acute Cerebellar Ataxia
|Cerebellum (Darker Pink Section)|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Viral infections, including:
- Exposure to certain toxins, such as lead , mercury , thallium, alcohol , and organophosphates found in insecticides
- Cerebellar hemorrhage, abscess, blood clot, or obstruction of an artery
- Paraneoplastic syndromes—occurs when the immune system attacks the cerebellum in the area of a cancer
- Age, especially children three years of age or younger
- Viral infections
- Recent vaccination
- Exposure to certain insecticides, drugs, or toxins
- Having cancer
- Uncoordinated movements of the limbs or trunk
- Clumsiness with daily activities
- Difficulty walking
- Speech disturbances with slurred speech and changes in tone, pitch, and volume
- Visual complaints
- Abnormal eye movements
- Nausea and vomiting
- Changes in mental state, such as personality or behavioral changes
- Chaotic eye movements
- Lumbar puncture
- Blood tests
- Urine analysis
- IV immune globulin
- Plasma exchange therapy
- Medications to improve muscle coordination
National Ataxia Foundation http://www.ataxia.org
National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov
Canadian Institutes of Health Research http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Berman P. Ataxia in children. International Pediatrics. 1999:14:44-47.
Cerebellar ataxia. BBC News website. Available at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/medical%5Fnotes/4055425.stm . Updated November 30, 2004. Accessed November 15, 2013.
Cerebellar ataxia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed . Updated November 13, 2012. Accessed November 15, 2013.
Cerebellar ataxia. Patient UK website. Available at: http://www.patient.co.uk/showdoc/40001724/ . Updated October 15, 2009. Accessed November 15, 2013.
Encephalopathy. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/encephalopathy/encephalopathy.htm . Updated November 9, 2010. Accessed February 22, 2013.
Frequently asked questions. University of Chicago Ataxia Center website. Available at: http://ataxia.uchicago.edu/FAQ.aspx . Updated November 9, 2010. Accessed November 15, 2013.
Ishikawa N, Kobayashi M. Recurrent acute cerebellar ataxia associated with anti-cardiolipin antibodies. Brain Dev. 2009; Aug 22.
Mehta SH, Morgan JC, Sethi KD. Paraneoplastic movement disorders. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2009;9(4):285-91.
Stumpf DA. Acute ataxia. Pediatr Rev. 1987;8;303-306
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 11/2013 -
- Update Date: 11/15/2013 -