What Is Tuberculosis?
- A cough that lasts three weeks or longer
- Chest pain
- Coughing up blood or phlegm
- Loss of appetite
- Fever and chills
- Night sweats
What Is the BCG vaccine?
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?
- Children who have a negative tuberculin skin test and who are continually exposed to a person who has untreated or drug resistant tuberculosis, and the child cannot be separated from this person
- Healthcare workers and people who work in labs who work where there is ongoing transmission of drug-resistant strains of TB that have not been reduced with precautions
What Are the Risks Associated With BCG Vaccine?
- Redness at the injection site
- Muscle aches
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
- Have a compromised immune system
- Are undergoing an organ transplant
- Are pregnant
What Happens in the Event of an Outbreak?
WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
The BCG World Atlas on BCG Policies http://www.bcgatlas.org
Active tuberculosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 13, 2013. Accessed November 19, 2013.
Basic TB facts. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/basics/default.htm. Updated March 13, 2013. Accessed November 19, 2013.
BCG vaccine. DailyMed website. Available at: http://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/lookup.cfm?setid=a83f0b99-9038-4c5a-aaac-8792b32838fe. Updated September 2012. Accessed November 19, 2013.
Kaufmann SH. Fact and fiction in tuberculosis vaccine research: 10 years later. Lancet Infect Dis. 2011;11(8):633-640.
Kaufmann SH, Hussey G, et al. New vaccines for tuberculosis. Lancet. 2010;375(9731):2110-2119.
Tuberculosis in children fact sheet. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/tuberculosis/tuberculosis-in-children-fact.html. Updated March 2013. Accessed November 19, 2013.
Rouanet C, Locht C. Boosting BCG to protect against TB. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2010;4(3):339-348.
TB vaccine (BCG). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/vaccines/default.htm. Updated August 14, 2012. Accessed November 19, 2013.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 12/2014 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -