(Cleft Lip; Cleft Palate)
|Infant With Cleft Lip|
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- Having other birth defects
- Sex: males
Having a sibling, parent, or other close relative born with an oral-facial cleft
- A geneticist can best define the actual risk, which can vary greatly among families.
- In general, if one child in a family has a cleft palate, the next child has about a 4% chance of also having a cleft palate. If only the lip has a cleft, the risk of this occurring in a second child is about 2%.
- Feeding problems, especially with cleft palate
- Problems with speech development
- Dental problems, including missing teeth, especially when cleft lip extends to the upper gum area
- Recurrent middle ear infections
- Hearing problems
- Bite alignment surgery if the jaw is not aligned properly
- Plastic and/or nasal surgery to improve facial appearance and function
- Medications to treat infection or prevent fluid build-up
- Surgery to drain built-up fluid and prevent future infections
Consume 400 micrograms of folic acid every day. Folic acid intake may include a daily multivitamin and eating foods containing folic acid, such as:
- Fruits and orange juice
- Green, leafy vegetables
- Dried beans and peas
- Pasta, rice, bread, flour, and cereals
- Do not smoke or drink alcohol during pregnancy.
- Talk to your doctor about any medications during pregnancy. Only use them as directed by your doctor.
- Get early and regular prenatal care.
If you are thinking about having a child and have risk factors for oral-facial cleft:
- Seek medical advice on additional ways to prevent the disorder.
- Consider genetic counseling.
Children's Craniofacial Association http://www.ccakids.com/
Cleft Lip and Palate Association http://www.clapa.com/
Cleft Palate Foundation http://www.cleftline.org/
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca/
Cleft lip. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated July 13, 2011. Accessed August 8, 2012.
Cleft palate. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated July 13, 2011. Accessed August 8, 2012.
Cleft lip and palate. Nemours Kids Health website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/ears/cleft%5Flip%5Fpalate.html. Accessed August 8, 2012.
Facts about cleft lip and cleft palate. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/CleftLip.html. Updated July 19, 2012. Accessed August 8, 2012.
Risk of oral birth defects in children born to mothers taking topiramate. Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm245594.htm. March 4, 2011. Accessed August 8, 2012.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods
- Review Date: 09/2012 -
- Update Date: 00/91/2012 -