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- Viral or bacterial infection
- Head injury
- Disease of blood vessels
- Nerve problems
- Autoimmune disease
Side effects of drugs, including:
- Certain antibiotics
- Quinine—may be used for malaria treatment
- Current or recent viral infection (especially a respiratory infection)
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Vertigo (spinning sensation)
- Nausea and vomiting
- Hearing loss
- Involuntary eye movement
- Ringing in the ear (tinnitus)
- Antiemetics—to control nausea and vomiting
- Vestibular suppressants—to limit loss of balance and dizziness
- Steroids—in limited situations, to help control inflammation
- Rest, lie still with your eyes closed in a darkened room during acute attacks.
- Avoid movement, especially sudden movement, as much as possible.
- Avoid reading.
- Resume normal activities gradually after the symptoms have cleared.
Vestibular Exercises (Vestibular Rehabilitation)
- Seek prompt treatment for any ear problems or infection.
- Get medical advice on treating respiratory infections.
- Avoid head injury by wearing seat belts and safety helmets.
- Ask your doctor about side effects of any medication you are taking.
- Avoid alcohol.
- Take steps to prevent blood vessel disease or stroke. These include:
National Library of Medicine http://www.nlm.nih.gov/
Vestibular Disorders Association http://www.vestibular.org/
Dizziness - differential diagnosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated December 16, 2011. Accessed December 28, 2012.
Inner ear infections. Vestibular Disorders Associations website. Available at: http://vestibular.org/labyrinthitis-and-vestibular-neuritis . Accessed December 28, 2012.
Labyrinthitis. American Association of Family Physicians Familydoctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/labyrinthitis.html . Accessed December 28, 2012.
Labyrinthitis. Johns Hopkins Medical Center website. Available at: http://vestibular.org/labyrinthitis-and-vestibular-neuritis . Accessed December 28, 2012.
12/3/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Hillier S, McDonnell M. Vestibular rehabilitation for unilateral peripheral vestibular dysfunction. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(10):CD005397.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2012 -
- Update Date: 11/26/2012 -