Principal Proposed Uses
What Is Fennel Used for Today?
Interactions You Should Know About
- Drugs in the fluoroquinolone family, such as Cipro, do not use fennel.
1 Forster HB, Niklas H, Lutz S. Antispasmodic effects of some medicinal plants. Plant Med . 1980;40:303–19.
2 Tanira MOM, Shah AH, Mohsin A, et al. Pharmacological and toxicological investigations on Foeniculum vulgare dried fruit extract in experimental animals. Phytother Res . 1996;10:33–6.
3 Alexandrovich I, Rakovitskaya O, Kolmo E, et al. The effect of fennel ( Foeniculum vulgare ) seed oil emulsion in infantile colic: a randomized, placebo-controlled study. Altern Ther Health Med . 2003;9:58–61.
4 Weizman Z, Alkrinawi S, Goldfarb D, et al. Efficacy of herbal tea preparation in infantile colic. J Pediatr . 1993;122:650–652.
5 Namavar Jahromi B, Tartifizadeh A, Khabnadideh S. Comparison of fennel and mefenamic acid for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. Int J Gynaecol Obstet . 2003;80:153–7.
6 Albert-Puleo M. Fennel and anise as estrogenic agents. J Ethnopharmacol . 1980;2:337–344.
7 Zava DT, Dollbaum CM, Blen M. Estrogen and progestin bioactivity of foods, herbs, and spices. Proc Soc ExpBiol Med . 1998;217:369–378.
8 Zhu M, Wong PY, Li RC. Effect of oral administration of fennel ( Foeniculum vulgare ) on ciprofloxacin absorption and disposition in the rat. J Pharm Pharmacol . 1999;51:1391–6.
9 Modaress Nejad V, Asadipour M. Comparison of the effectiveness of fennel and mefenamic acid on pain intensity in dysmenorrhoea. East Mediterr Health J. 2006;12:423-7.
- Reviewer: EBSCO CAM Review Board
- Review Date: 07/2012 -
- Update Date: 07/25/2012 -