Anemia in Pregnancy
Anemia in Pregnancy
|Red Blood Cells|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Anemia before pregnancy
- Very heavy menstrual flow before pregnancy
- Morning sickness with frequent vomiting
- Pregnancies that are close together
- Carrying twins or multiples
- A diet that is low in iron
- Abnormal hemoglobins (more common in individuals of African, Mediterranean, Southeast Asian, or West Indian ethnicity or descent)
- Lightheadedness or fainting
- Pale skin, especially the palms of the hands, lips, nails, and eyelids
- Rapid heartbeat
- Shortness of breath
- Cravings for non-food items such as clay, ice, and paper
- Hematocrit level—the percentage of red blood cells in your blood compared to total blood volume
- Hemoglobin level—the amount of hemoglobin in your blood
Folic Acid or Vitamin B12 Supplementation
- Seek early prenatal care.
- Take a prenatal vitamin containing iron, as prescribed by your practitioner, from the beginning of pregnancy.
- Eat foods that are high in iron including red meat, poultry, pork, shellfish, beans, iron-fortified breads and cereals, dried fruits, and leafy green vegetables.
- Eat foods that contain folic acid including whole grains, wheat germ, broccoli, beans, orange juice, and leafy green vegetables.
American Pregnancy Association http://www.americanpregnancy.org
US Department of Health and Human Services Women’s Health http://www.womenshealth.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org
American Dietetic Association. Nutrition and Lifestyle for a Healthy Pregnancy Outcome. J Am Diet Assoc. 2002; 102:1470-1490.
Anemia & pregnancy. American Society of Hematology website. Available at: http://www.hematology.org/patients/blood-disorders/anemia/5227.aspx. Accessed June 5, 2013.
Anemia and pregnancy. University of California San Francisco Medical Center website. Available at: http://www.ucsfhealth.org/education/anemia%5Fand%5Fpregnancy. Accessed June 5, 2013.
Anemia in pregnancy. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Practice Bulletin No. 95. Published July 2008. Reaffirmed 2012.
Hemoglobinopathies in Pregnancy. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Practice Bulletin, No. 78. Published January 2007. Reaffirmed 2008.
- Reviewer: Andrea Chisholm; Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -